naliyouguomeidianqi:2018版高考英语专题限时集训短文改错(Ⅱ)(附答案和解释)

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2018版高考英语专题限时集训短文改错(Ⅱ)(附答案和解释)

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莲山 课件 w w
w.5 Y k J.COm 专题限时集训(二十七) 短文改错(Ⅱ)
(对应学生用书第142页)
A
(2017•湖北省八校联考)It was on a warm autumn day that my father and I walk into my new high school. After registered in the classroom,the volunteer took me to my dormitory. Altogether I had five roommates,two of which arrived later.I got to know my new roommate immediately. Although I was quite unwilling to say“Goodbye” to my father,but he had to leave to home. I suddenly realized I had grown up and that I had to look after me and live independently.Not until then I know my senior high school life had real begun.
【答案】 
It was on a warm autumn day that my father and I walkwalked into my new high school. After registeredregistering in the classroom,thea volunteer took me to my dormitory. Altogether I had five roommates,two of whichwhom arrived later.I got to know my new roommateroommates immediately. Although I was quite unwilling to say“Goodbye” to my father,butyet/﹨but he had to leave tofor home. I suddenly realized I had grown up and that I had to look after memyself and live independently.Not until then ∧did I know my senior high school life had realreally begun.
第一处:walk→walked。考查动词时态。根据“It was on a warm autumn day”可知,事情发生在过去,故用一般过去时。
第二处:registered→registering。考查动名词。after是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,故用动名词形式。
第三处:the→a。考查冠词。volunteer是可数名词,且第一次在文中出现,故用不定冠词修饰。
第四处:which→whom。考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,应用whom引导非限定性定语从句,在从句中作介词of的宾语,修饰先行词five roommates。
第五处:roommate→roommates。考查名词复数。由上文的“I had five roommates”可知,室友不止一个,故用复数形式。
第六处:删除but或将but改为yet。考查连词。在英语中,although和but不能同时出现在一个句子中,故删除but。也可将but改为yet。补充:此处也可将Although删掉,但是语意上没有修改but好。
第七处:leave后的to改为for。考查介词。leave for意为“前往”,为固定词组,符合语境。
第八处:me→myself。考查代词。与句子主语I呼应,应用反身代词,意为“照顾好自己”。
第九处:then后加did。考查倒装句。not until置于句首时,常采用部分倒装,即把助动词放在主语之前。由时间状语then和下文的时态可知,此处用一般过去时,故用did。
第十处:real→really。考查副词。修饰动词应用副词,故将real改为really。
B 【导学号:52384089】
(2017•洛阳市第一次统一考试)My father is the man I respect most.Strict as he may be,however he never fails to show her care and consideration.Once I broke a neighbor window.Seeing nobody around,I ran away immediately.When Dad came home,he noticed my uneasiness and asked me what has happened.I could only tell him a truth.Instead of scold,he praised my honesty and then encouraged me to apologize our neighbor.I learned from this incident that not only does Dad take care of my health and he also teaches me what to be a good citizen.How luckily I am to have such a good father!
【答案】 
My father is the man I respect most.Strict as he may be,﹨however he never fails to show herhis care and consideration.Once I broke a neighborneighbor's window.Seeing nobody around,I ran away immediately.When Dad came home,he noticed my uneasiness and asked me what hashad happened.I could only tell him athe truth.Instead of scoldscolding,he praised my honesty and then encouraged me to apologize ∧to our neighbor.I learned from this incident that not only does Dad take care of my health andbut he also teaches me whathow to be a good citizen.How luckilylucky I am to have such a good father!
第一处:删除however。考查连词。在as引导的让步状语从句中,表语放句首时,从句倒装,分析句子结构可知,however多余。
第二处:her→his。考查代词。与上文人称代词he保持一致,可知,此处应用形容词性物主代词his。
第三处:neighbor→neighbor's。考查名词所有格形式。此处用名词所有格形式作定语,修饰名词window。
第四处:has→had。考查动词时态。与asked呼应可知,此处应用过去完成时,表示过去的过去。
第五处:a→the。考查冠词。tell the truth为固定词组搭配,符合语境,故用定冠词the。
第六处:scold→scolding。考查动名词。介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,故用动名词scolding作介词of的宾语。
第七处:our前加to。考查介词。apologize to sb.意为“向某人道歉”,为固定词组搭配,故用介词to。
第八处:and→but。考查连词,not only...but also...意为“不但……而且……”,为固定结构,故用连词but。
第九处:what→how。考查疑问词。与teaches呼应可知,此处表示方式,故用how。
第十处:luckily→lucky。考查形容词。与I am呼应可知,此处应用形容词lucky作表语。
C 【导学号:52384090】
(2017•福州市五校联考)
Boys and girls,
May  I  have  your  fully  attention, please?  I  have announcement to make.To welcome our friends in the United States,the Student Union was going to hold a party on Saturday evening,February 20.As never,the party will be held in the lecture hall of the Main Building.They will begin at 7 pm.There will be music,dancing,singing or exchange of gifts.Will everyone please to bring along a small gift for this purpose? Remember to pack it up,sign your name and writing a few words of good wishes.Don't miss the party,where I believe we will have a lot of funs.Everyone is welcome.
That's all.Thank you.
【答案】 
Boys and girls,
May I have your fullyfull attention, please? I have ∧an announcement to make.To welcome our friends infrom the United States,the Student Union wasis going to hold a party on Saturday evening,February 20.As neverever,the party will be held in the lecture hall of the Main Building.TheyIt will begin at 7 pm.There will be music,dancing,singing orand exchange of gifts.Will everyone please ﹨to bring along a small gift for this purpose? Remember to pack it up,sign your name and writingwrite a few words of good wishes.Don't miss the party,where I believe we will have a lot of funsfun.Everyone is welcome.
That's all.Thank you.
第一处:fully→full。考查形容词。修饰名词要用形容词,故用full。
第二处:announcement前加an。考查冠词。announcement表示“通告、公告”时是可数名词,且此处第一次提到,表示泛指,故应加上不定冠词;announcement的读音以元音音素开头,故用an。
第三处:in→from。考查介词。根据语境可知,此处表示欢迎来自美国的朋友,而不是欢迎在美国的朋友。
第四处:was→is。考查时态。这里说的是从现在看将要发生的事情,不能用过去将来时,应用一般将来时。
第五处:never→ever。考查行文逻辑。此处表示“像之前一样,像往常一样”,故用ever。
第六处:They→It。考查代词。此处指代前面的the party,故用It。
第七处:or→and。考查连词。根据句意以及下文提到的让大家准备礼品可知,此处表示并列关系而非选择关系,故用and。
第八处:删除bring前的to。考查情态动词。情态动词后应用动词原形,故to多余。
第九处:writing→write。考查固定搭配。此处应用动词原形write与pack,sign并列。
第十处:funs→fun。考查名词。fun为不可数名词,没有复数形式。
D
(2017•广东省七校联合体联考)I like travelling and my dream of visit Beijing,the capital city of our country,come true during the National Day holidays this year.In October 1st,I went to Tian'anmen Square with my parents,there we watched the flag­raising ceremony. As I watched flag rising slowly,I sang the national anthem,feeling extremely exciting.Then we went to some other famous tourist attraction,like the Great Wall.Standing on the Great Wall,I felt very proudly.I thought of the old saying that“One who fail to reach the Great Wall is not a hero.”Although I was tired,but I really had a good time.
【答案】 
I like travelling and my dream of visitvisiting Beijing,the capital city of our country,comecame true during the National Day holidays this year.InOn October 1st,I went to Tian'anmen Square with my parents,therewhere we watched the flag­raising ceremony. As I watched  ∧the flag rising slowly,I sang the national anthem,feeling extremely excitingexcited.Then we went to some other famous tourist attractionattractions,like the Great Wall.Standing on the Great Wall,I felt very proudlyproud.I thought of the old saying that“One who failfails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero.”Although I was tired,﹨but/butyet I really had a good time.
第一处:visit→visiting。考查动名词。of为介词,后接动名词作宾语。
第二处:come改为came。考查动词的时态。根据该句中的“this year”可知,该处讲述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。
第三处:In→On。考查介词。介词on表示在具体的某一天。
第四处:there→where。考查定语从句。根据语境可知,此处应用where引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词Tian'anmen Square。
第五处:flag前面加上the。考查定冠词。根据语境可知,这里的flag表特指,故用定冠词。
第六处:exciting→excited。考查形容词。该句主语为I,修饰人,应用形容词excited,表示“激动的,兴奋的”。
第七处:attraction→attractions。考查名词的数。attraction作“吸引人的事物”讲时,为可数名词,根据该句中的some可知,此处指多个旅游景点,故用复数形式。
第八处:proudly→proud。考查形容词。该句中的感官动词felt用作系动词,后接形容词。
第九处:fail→fails。考查动词的时态和主谓一致。该句陈述的是一般情况,故用一般现在时;该句主语为One,为第三人称单数,故用fails。
第十处:删除but或but改为yet。although不能和but连用,能和yet连用。补充:此处也可删除Although,但是语意上没有修改but好。
E
(2017•福州市综合质量检测)Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless homeworks.However, some interested activities indeed contribute to reduce the pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized the activity in which each class shoot a short movie.Our class chose a story setting in World War Ⅱ,that showed the preciousness of peace.I think this process was a good lesson that taught to me how to strike a balance between studying or relaxation.Now I am determined than ever to treasure everything I have and fight for my future.
【答案】 
Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless homeworkshomework.However, some interestedinteresting activities indeed contribute to reducereducing the pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized thean activity in which each class shootshot a short movie.Our class chose a story settingset in World War Ⅱ,thatwhich showed the preciousness of peace.I think this process was a good lesson that taught ﹨to me how to strike a balance between studying orand relaxation.Now I am ∧more determined than ever to treasure everything I have and fight for my future.
第一处:homeworks→homework。考查名词。homework为不可数名词,没有复数形式。
第二处:interested→interesting。考查形容词。interesting修饰物,意为“有趣的”;根据该句中的名词activities可知答案;interested修饰人,意为“感兴趣的”。
第三处:reduce→reducing。考查动名词。该句中短语“contribute to”中的to为介词,后接动名词。
第四处:the→an。考查不定冠词。根据语境可知,该处泛指“一次活动”,故用不定冠词。
第五处:shoot→shot。考查动词的时态。根据该句的时间状语“Last week”可知,该句陈述的事情发生在过去,故用一般过去时。
第六处:setting→set。考查过去分词。a story和set之间为动宾关系,表示“以二战为背景的故事”,故用过去分词作后置定语。
第七处:that→which。考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,关系词指代前面的a story,在从句中作主语,故用which。
第八处:删除to。考查固定用法。teach为及物动词,后直接加宾语,不需要接to。teach sb.sth.为固定用法,意为“教某人……”。
第九处:or改为and。考查连词。该处表示在学习和放松之间取得平衡。between...and...意为“在……和……之间”。
第十处:在am后加more。考查比较级。根据该句中的than可知,该处应用比较级。
F
(2017•石家庄市教学质量检测二)With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be wide used in the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and taking care of the elderly,babies and patients.In addition to these task,robots will even be able to play the chess and do exercise with people.In factories,robots will be used to perform some dangerous jobs avoid accidents.
Robots will change our future life by many ways,what will make it more colorful and comfortable.Therefore,we shouldn't depend on intelligent robots too much,for they were made to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of we humans,robots should be used properly.
【答案】 
With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be widewidely used in the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and takingtake care of the elderly,babies and p atients.In addition to these tasktasks,robots will even be able to play ﹨the chess and do exercise with people.In factories,robots will be used to perform some dangerous jobs ∧to avoid accidents.
Robots will change our future life byin many ways,whatwhich will make it more colorful and comfortable.ThereforeHowever,we shouldn't depend on intelligent robots too much,for they wereare made to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of weus humans,robots should be used properly.
第一处:wide→widely。考查副词。修饰动词,故用副词。wide也可作副词,意为“尽可能广地”,不符合语境。
第二处:taking→take。考查固定用法。根据该句中的“help people do some housework and”可知,此处应用原形;help sb.(to) do sth.为固定用法。
第三处:task→tasks。考查名词的数。task为可数名词,根据该词前的these可知,应用复数形式。
第四处:删除the。考查冠词。play chess为固定用法,意为“下象棋”;棋类名词前不用冠词。
第五处:jobs后加to。考查动词不定式。在工厂里,机器人将被用于执行危险任务,以避免事故。分析句子结构可知,应用动词不定式表目的。
第六处:by→in。考查介词。in many ways意为“在很多方面”。
第七处:what→which。考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,且先行词为ways,故用which引导该定语从句。
第八处:Therefore→However。考查副词。上句说,机器人将改变我们未来的生活,使我们的生活多彩而舒适;该句说,我们不能过度依赖智能机器人;据此可知,两句间为转折关系,故用However。
第九处:were→are。考查动词的时态。机器人是被用来帮助人类的,而不是来代替人类的。该句陈述的是客观事实,故用一般现在时。
第十处:we→us。考查代词。of后接宾语,故用宾格us。 文 章来源
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