新疆福利彩彩票时时彩:2018版高考英语专题限时集训短文改错(Ⅰ)(含答案和解释)

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2018版高考英语专题限时集训短文改错(Ⅰ)(含答案和解释)

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莲山 课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.CO
M 专题限时集训(二十六) 短文改错(Ⅰ)
(对应学生用书第141页)
A 【导学号:52384086】
(2017•合肥市第一次教学质量检测)I still remember the first day I come to this new school.Everything was new to me,what made me realize I was no longer a small child.I had to depend on me.Luckily,I made several good friend.Their interests were similar with mine.I had great English teacher,Maggie. She let me know the important of English.So I decided to learn English hardly.Although it was very difficult at first,but with the help of my teacher,I made rapidly progress.Just as the old saying goes,“Where there is a will,there is a way.”
【答案】 
I still remember the first day I comecame to this new school.Everything was new to me,whatwhich made me realize I was no longer a small child.I had to depend on memyself.Luckily,I made several good friendfriends.Their interests were similar withto mine.I had ∧a great English teacher,Maggie.She let me know the importantimportance of English.So I decided to learn English hardlyhard.Although it was very difficult at first,﹨but with the help of my teacher,I made rapidlyrapid progress.Just as the old saying goes,“Where there is a will,there is a way.”
第一处:come→came。考查时态。本句话叙述我第一次来到这所学校的情景,应该用一般过去时。
第二处:what→which。考查关系代词。分析句子结构可知,此处应用which引导非限制性定语从句,修饰前面的句子“Everything was new to me”。
第三处:me→myself。考查代词。句意:我不得不依靠我自己。当主语和宾语指的是同一个人的时候,宾语要用反身代词。
第四处:friend→friends。考查名词的数。由前面的several(几个)可知,此处应用名词的复数形式。
第五处:with→to。考查固定搭配。be similar to...意为“与……相似”,为固定搭配。
第六处:great前加a。考查冠词。句意:我有一位了不起的英语老师Maggie。此处表泛指,应用不定冠词。
第七处:important→importance。考查名词。句意:她让我认识到英语的重要性。由定冠词the可知,此处应用名词。
第八处:hardly→hard。考查副词。句意:因此我决定努力学习英语。hard意为“努力地”,hardly意为“几乎不”。根据句意可知,应用hard。
第九处:删除but。考查连词。although意为“尽管”,不与but连用,因此删除but。
第十处:rapidly→rapid。考查形容词。修饰名词应用形容词,因此将rapidly改为rapid。
B
(2017•石家庄市教学质量检测一)Recently,a famous basketball player has caused public angry by writing on the Great Wall.In the fact,this happens in many place of interest. I had some suggestions to solve this problem.
First,make more posters to inform the public the damage of graffiti (涂鸦).Besides,punishments,such as a fine,is necessary to tourists with so bad behavior. Also,I think it's helpfully to put up some boards along the tourist attractions that tourists can leave messages.
I'm sure with our efforts,more and more people will become concerning about protecting cultural relics.
【答案】 
Recently,a famous basketball player has caused public angryanger by writing on the Great Wall.In ﹨the fact,this happens in many placeplaces of interest.I hadhave some suggestions to solve this problem.
First,make more posters to inform the public ∧of/about the damage of graffiti (涂鸦).Besides,punishments,such as a fine,isare necessary to tourists with sosuch bad behavior. Also,I think it's helpfullyhelpful to put up some boards along the tourist attractions thatwhere tourists can leave messages.
I'm sure with our efforts,more and more people will become concerningconcerned about protecting cultural relics.
第一处:angry→anger。考查名词。形容词public修饰名词,故用名词形式。
第二处:删除fact前的the。考查固定搭配。in fact为固定搭配,意为“事实上”,the多余。
第三处:place→places。考查名词的数。根据该句中的many可知,名词place应当用复数形式。
第四处:had→have。考查时态。根据上下文可知,该句陈述的是目前的情况,故用一般现在时。
第五处:public后加of/about。考查介词。inform sb.of/about sth.为固定搭配,表示“通知某人某事”。
第六处:is→are。考查主谓一致。该句主语为复数名词punishments,故系动词用复数形式are。
第七处:so→such。考查限定词。该句中behavior为不可数名词,只能用such修饰。so用于“so+adj.+a/an+可数名词”结构。
第八处:helpfully→helpful。考查形容词。is为系动词,后接形容词作表语。
第九处:that→where。考查定语从句的关系词。分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,先行词为boards,关系词在从句中作地点状语,故用where引导该定语从句。
第十处:concerning→concerned。考查固定搭配。be/become concerned about为固定短语,意为“关注……”。
C 【导学号:52384087】
(2017•南昌市十校第二次模拟)It is clear shown that many middle school students have physical and mental problems.68% of the students surveying have studying anxiety as well as poor eyesight too.And a larger percentage lacks sleep. 52% are short of physical exercise.42%  of the students won't obey our parents or teachers.Personally,I think we student should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without sound body,one can't achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid only on studies.As a result,I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out­of­classroom activities.Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy life.
【答案】 
It is clearclearly shown that many middle school students have physical and mental problems.68% of the students surveyingsurveyed have studying anxiety as well as poor eyesight ﹨too.And a larger percentage lackslack sleep. 52% are short of physical exercise.42%  of the students won't obey ourtheir parents or teachers.Personally,I think we studentstudents should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without ∧a sound body,one can't achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid only onto studies.As a result,I suggest we arebe given less homework orand more time for out­of­classroom activities.Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy life.
第一处:clear→clearly。考查副词。此处修饰过去分词shown,要用副词clearly“清晰地”。
第二处:surveying→surveyed。考查非谓语动词。本句中的谓语动词是have,故students后应是分词作后置定语,survey与所修饰的students构成被动关系,所以用过去分词。
第三处:去掉too。考查行文逻辑。句中已经有as well as表示“也”了,故句尾的too是多余的。
第四处:lacks→lack。考查主谓一致。percentage作主语时,谓语与它所修饰的名词或指代的名词一致。此处指学生,所以谓语动词用复数。
第五处:our→their。考查代词。42%的学生不听他们父母和老师的话。主语是42%of the students,是第三人称,故此处形容词性物主代词用their。
第六处:student→students。考查名词单复数。we后面的名词是其同位语,所以用student的复数形式与we一致。
第七处:Without后加a。考查冠词。body是可数名词,且此处泛指一个好的身体,故加冠词a。
第八处:on→to。考查介词。pay attention to“注意……”是固定搭配,此处用的是该短语的被动形式。
第九处:are→be。虚拟语气。suggest在此处表示“建议”,因此后跟的宾语从句应用虚拟语气,即从句谓语用“should+do”形式,且should可以省略。故此处应把are改为be。
第十处:or→and。考查连词。我建议我们应该少布置点作业,多些时间进行课外活动。本句是肯定句,此处不表示选择意义,而指的是并列的两个名词,表示“及”,应用and。
D
(2017•云南省11校跨区调研考试)Last weekend I went on a eco­travel with a travel agency.All the way we appreciate the beautiful scenery and fresh air,so a few of us picked flowers while going sightseeing.What was worse,many tourists threw rubbishes here and there.
I don't think that it is a truly eco­travel.An eco­travel not only allows us to express our love for nature,but needs our responsibility as well as.A real eco­travel should like this:take nothing away but your good memory;leave nothing behind but all cleaner water and green trees.Enjoyed the beauty of nature,we should try their best to protect it.
【答案】 
Last weekend I went on aan eco­travel with a travel agency.All the way we appreciateappreciated the beautiful scenery and fresh air,sobut a few of us picked flowers while going sightseeing.What was worse,many tourists threw rubbishesrubbish here and there.
I don't think that it is a trulytrue eco­travel.An eco­travel not only allows us to express our love for nature,but needs our responsibility as well ﹨as.A real eco­travel should ∧be like this:take nothing away but your good memory;leave nothing behind but all cleanerclean water and green trees.EnjoyedEnjoying  the beauty of nature,we should try theirour best to protect it.
第一处:a→an。考查冠词。eco­travel的读音以元音音素开头,所以用an。
第二处:appreciate→appreciated。考查时态。根据时间状语Last weekend可知,应用一般过去时。
第三处:so→but。考查连词。一路上我们欣赏美丽的景色,但是有人摘花。前后表示转折关系,故用but。
第四处:rubbishes→rubbish。考查名词。rubbish作“垃圾”讲,为不可数名词。
第五处:truly→true。考查形容词。此处应用形容词修饰名词eco­travel。
第六处:删除well后的as。考查固定表达。as well as后跟宾语,意为“以及”,不符合语境,此处应用as well表示“也”,放在句末。
第七处:like前加be。考查系动词。此处like是介词,should后缺少be动词。
第八处:cleaner→clean。考查形容词。根据and后面的green以及语境可知,此处应用形容词原级。
第九处:Enjoyed→Enjoying。考查非谓语动词。主语we和enjoy之间是主谓关系,所以应用现在分词。
第十处:their→our。考查代词。主语是we,此处表示“我们应该尽我们最大的努力去保护大自然”,故应用our。
E
(2017•山西省八校第一次联考)
Dear Lisa,
I'm glad to receive your letter asked about the present holiday  life  of  Chinese  students. Learning  together  with entertainment still take up most of our time.Besides,we often help our parents with the housework or farm work,that makes us realize how hard we work every day and develop a great love for work.Meanwhile,we take active part in social activities,such as voluntary work. We went out to the streets to collect rubbishes or to the hospitals to cheer up the sick children.We try our best to help those who are in need or make our hometown a lot of more beautiful. We find greatly pleasure in these activities.
Yours,
Li Ming
【答案】 
Dear Lisa,
I'm glad to receive your letter askedasking about the present holiday  life  of  Chinese  students. Learning  together  with entertainment still taketakes up most of our time.Besides,we often help our parents with the housework or farm work,thatwhich makes us realize how hard wethey work every day and develop a great love for work.Meanwhile,we take ∧an  active part in social activities,such as voluntary work. We wentgo out to the streets to collect rubbishesrubbish or to the hospitals to cheer up the sick children.We try our best to help those who are in need orand make our hometown a lot ﹨of more beautiful. We find greatlygreat pleasure in these activities.
Yours,
Li Ming
第一处:asked→asking。考查非谓语动词。我很高兴收到你询问中国学生目前的假日生活的来信。ask和其逻辑主语letter之间是主动关系,故应用现在分词作定语。
第二处:take→takes。考查主谓一致。学习和娱乐仍然占据了我们大部分的时间。此处是together with连接的名词在句中作主语,谓语动词应与句子原来的主语Learning保持一致,即应用第三人称单数,故改为takes。
第三处:that→which。考查定语从句。此外,我们经常帮助我们的父母做家务或者干农活,这使我们意识到他们每天工作得多努力。分析句子结构可知,空处在此引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面的整个句子,故用which。注意:that不能引导非限制性定语从句。
第四处:we→they。考查代词。根据语境可知,此处指代的是上文中的“our parents”,故应用they。
第五处:在active前加an。考查冠词。同时,我们积极参加社会活动,比如志愿工作。take an active part in为习惯用法,表示“积极参加……”。
第六处:went→go。考查时态。我们去街上收集垃圾或者去医院安慰生病的孩子们。全文的基本时态是一般现在时,故此处应用一般现在时。
第七处:rubbishes→rubbish。考查名词。rubbish表示“垃圾”,是不可数名词,没有复数形式,故改为rubbish。
第八处:or→and。考查连词。由语境可知,此处表示并列的顺承关系,故用and表示“和,与”。or表示选择关系,意为“或,或者”。
第九处:去掉of。考查固定搭配。此处指使我们的家乡变得更加美丽。根据句中的“more”可知,此处修饰比较级,故应用a lot。a lot of表示“许多”,修饰名词。
第十处:greatly→great。考查副词。在这些活动中,我们发现了极大的乐趣。此处修饰名词pleasure,故应用形容词。
F 【导学号:52384088】
(2017•重庆市西北狼教育联盟联考)There are many people think that wealth is better than health.I used to think so until one day I had read a story about Howard Joyce.He was an European billionaire who got everything he wanted.Therefore,in the last twenty years of his life,his health began to get worse and he led a miserably life.Although the best doctors called for him,he could still find no relief.I have realized that health is worth all the money in the world.If you have million of dollars but you are at poor health,you will not be able to do what you want to do.So I would like to advise you not to hurt yourself to trying to make money.Instead,take care of your body and be happy with which you do.Health is more important.
【答案】 
There are many people ∧who/thinkthinking that wealth is better than health.I used to think so until one day I ﹨had read a story about Howard Joyce.He was ana European billionaire who got everything he wanted.ThereforeHowever,in the last twenty years of his life,his health began to get worse and he led a miserablymiserable life.Although the best doctors ∧were called for him,he could still find no relief.I have realized that health is worth all the money in the world.If you have millionmillions  of dollars but you are atin poor health,you will not be able to do what you want to do.So I would like to advise you not to hurt yourself to tryingtry to make money.Instead,take care of your body and be happy with whichwhat you do.Health is more important.
第一处:think前面加who或think改为thinking。考查定语从句或现在分词。分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,先行词为many people,故用who引导该定语从句;因many people和think为主动关系,故也可以用现在分词thinking作many people的后置定语。
第二处:删除had。考查时态。根据该句中的“used to”和“until one day”可知,该句陈述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。
第三处:an→a。考查冠词。European的读音以辅音音素开头,故用a。
第四处:Therefore→However。考查副词。上文说他是一位欧洲亿万富翁,得到了他想要的一切,该句说在他生命里的最后二十年,他的健康状况变得越来越糟。上下文为转折关系,故用However。
第五处:miserably→miserable。考查形容词。life为名词,故应用形容词miserable修饰。
第六处:called前面加were。考查主谓一致、时态和语态。主语the best doctors为复数且和动词call之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态;这里讲述的是过去发生的事情,故用were。
第七处:million→millions。考查固定搭配。millions of为固定搭配,表示“许多”。
第八处:at→in。考查介词。in poor health为固定搭配,意为“身体不好”。
第九处:trying→try。考查动词不定式。此处是动词不定式表目的,故to后应用动词原形try。
第十处:which→what。考查宾语从句。分析该句结构可知,with后接宾语从句,连接词在从句中作do的宾语,故用what。 文章来源
莲山 课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.CO
M
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