莲山 课件 w ww.5 Y
M 专题限时集训(二十四) 语法填空
(2017•武汉市调研测试)Sending gifts varies greatly from country to country.In Australia, Canada, the United States 1. European countries，sending gifts is rarely expected. While seen as a nice gesture，it is more important to avoid 2. (give) highly personal gifts such as clothing.When visiting the home of a colleague from one of these 3. ( country)，it is normally appropriate to bring a gift to the hostess.
In America, 4. (expense)gifts are definitely out.A good 5. (choose) is to take the deserving person to dinner，or to 6. entertainment or a sporting event. 7. the contrary，gift giving is a traditional custom in Japan.In Japan the proper gift is thought 8. (express)the giver's true friendship，gratitude and respect far 9. (well) than words can.So if you plan to visit Japan or to have any Japanese visit you here，be prepared.
Australia is known for its friendliness and informality.So modest gifts，such as a diary，a paperweight，or a coffee cup might 10. (present)to a friend.At a trade show，Tshirts，ties，baseball caps，or a pin may be appropriate souvenirs.Anything more than these types of gifts could cause embarrassment.
1．and [考查连词。根据空前的“Australia，Canada，the United States”和空后的“European countries”可知，空处前后为并列关系，故用并列连词and。]
2．giving [考查动名词。avoid doing sth.为固定搭配，意为“避免做某事”，故填giving。]
7．On [考查固定搭配。on the contrary为固定搭配，意为“与此相反”。]
8．to express [考查动词不定式。此处表示“在日本，恰当的礼物被认为表达了送礼物者真正的友谊”。be thought to do sth.为固定搭配，意为“被认为做了某事”，故用动词不定式。]
10．be presented [考查被动语态。该句主语modest gifts和动词present之间是被动关系，故用被动语态。]
(2017•安徽省安师大附中、马鞍山二中阶段性测试)Over the years，I have met some interesting people.Two of 11. most interesting people were two elderly sisters，Joan and Bernice, 12. way of talking about people inspired me.
It was always a 13. (pleasant) to visit these two sisters.Just being greeted at the door was a joy.They couldn't be 14. (happy) when seeing me.I always heard about the people who were there before me.Every person 15. (talk) about in a positive way.The conversation would go something like this，“Oh，Kay，soandso was here yesterday，she 16. (be) just ‘the salt of the earth’ ，isn't she？” The other sister would reply，“Oh，yes! You just can't believe 17. wonderful she is.” I never heard they said a negative word about anyone.NEVER!
I understood why these two had so much company when other people complained that no one cared about 18. (they)．It was their attitude 19. people. There was no doubt that when the next person came to visit，he was going to hear how I was “the salt of the earth”．
What a wonderful example these two elderly sisters were to me! I will always be 20. (thank) that I had the opportunity to know them.
11．the [考查冠词。由空后的most interesting的提示可知，应用定冠词修饰。]
12．whose [考查定语从句。whose引导非限定性定语从句，在从句中作定语，先行词为Joan and Bernice。]
15．was talked [考查动词时态和语态。Every person和talk构成逻辑上的动宾关系；再由前一句的时态可知，应用一般过去时的被动语态。]
16．is [考查动词时态。由附加问句isn't she可知，此处应用is。]
19．toward(s)/to [考查介词。attitude toward(s)/to sb.意为“对某人的态度”，符合语境。]
(2017•长沙市统一模拟)Located in the northwest of Hunan Province，about 300 kilometers away from Changsha，capital of Hunan，Zhangjiajie, 21. covers a total area of 9，563 square kilometers，is a tourist city for its unique natural scenery and abundant tourism resources.Zhangjiajie 22. (award) the title of “World Geological Park” in 2004. 23. (actual)，Zhangjiajie, honored as “the most fantastic mountain under heaven” and “a walking Chinese landscape painting”，is also widely praised as“24. enlarged potted landscaping”“a mini fairyland” and“a maze (迷宫) of nature”，attracting a growing number of tourists 25. home and abroad.
Since it was discovered in the 1980s，tourism industry 26. (become) the leading industry in Zhangjiajie，which has stimulated the development of other industries 27. (relate) to tourism.At the same time，ecotourism has been developed rapidly in Zhangjiajie. When you come to Zhangjiajie，you can fully appreciate 28. (it) magnificent natural scenery and experience appealing folk custom as well as other thrilling tourist 29. (activity)，and you will be deeply impressed by 30. is performed by the minorities there.
It must be an exciting，joyful and unforgettable tour to Zhangjiajie.
22．was awarded [考查动词时态和语态。主语Zhangjiajie和动词award之间是动宾关系，应用被动语态；根据该句中的时间状语“in 2004”可知，应用一般过去时。]
26．has become [考查时态。根据该句中的“Since”可知，空处表示过去的动作对现在的影响，故用现在完成时。]
27．related [考查非谓语动词。名词industries和动词relate之间是动宾关系，且be related to为固定搭配，故用过去分词作名词的后置定语。]
28．its [考查代词。根据该句中的“magnificent natural scenery”可知，应用形容词性物主代词its。]
(2017•洛阳市统一考试)Tyler Thompson is 31. unlikely star in the world of Peking opera.The 15yearold from Oakland has fascinated audiences in the U．S.and China with his ability 32. (sing)pitchperfect Mandarin (普通话) and perform the ancient Chinese art form.The teen, 33. is black and only speaks some basic Chinese，has been praised by teachers since he 34. (pick) up the music as a kindergartener.“As soon as he opens 35. (he) mouth and sings in Chinese，the Chinese are very surprised and they feel very proud of him，” said his music teacher.“When he puts on the costume and all the acting，you can see that he is pretty good.”
Tyler has learned to sing several wellknown pieces of Peking opera，a centuriesold form of musical theater 36. (know) for its highly structured costumes，changing gongs(锣) and cymbals (钹)，wideranging voices and highly stylized 37. (move)．Tyler got 38. (stand) cheers when he performed 39. Justice Bao，a famous Song Dynasty judge who fought corruption，from the Chinese classic Bao Qing Tian.“The music is very beautiful，and it's very passionate，” said Tyler.“It's made me want to know 40. (much) about the world outside of America or California or Oakland.”
32．to sing [考查非谓语动词。ability to do sth.意为“做某事的能力”，为固定词组搭配，故用不定式作后置定语。]
33．who [考查定语从句。who引导非限定性定语从句，在从句中作主语，修饰先行词The teen。]
(2017•长沙市模拟试卷二)I had in my hands two boxes which God gave me 41. (hold)．He said，“Put all your sorrows in the black box，and all your 42. (enjoy)in the gold box.”I listened to his advice，and in the two boxes I stored both my joys and sorrows.The gold one became 43. (heavy)each day，while the black one was as light as before.With 44. (curious)，I opened the black one；I wanted to find out why.And I saw，in the base of the box，a hole which 45. (I)sorrows had fallen out through.I showed the hole to God，and thought about it 46. (careful) for a long time，“I wonder 47. my sorrows could be.”He smiled a gentle smile 48. said，“My child，they're all here with me.”I asked God why he gave me 49. boxes，and why the black one 50. (have) a hole.“My child，the gold one is for you to count your blessings; the black one is for you to let go.”
41．to hold [考查非谓语动词。hold和定语从句中的谓语gave之间没有连词，故此处用不定式作后置定语。]
42．joys/enjoyments [考查名词复数。空处与sorrows形成呼应，故用名词的复数形式joys/enjoyments，下文的“my joys and sorrows”也是信息提示。]
43．heavier [考查形容词比较级。根据while的提示可知，前后句表示逻辑上的对比关系，且与each day呼应，故用形容词比较级作表语。]
47．where [考查连接词。结合下文的“My child，they're all here with me.”可推知，作者疑惑的是自己的悲伤的去向，故用where引导宾语从句，在从句中作地点状语。]
(2017•山东省六校联考)In human history，many ancient and splendid civilizations were born and died. China is the only country 51. uninterrupted human civilization.Chinese civilization was born on the shores of the Yellow River.And the rich land 52. Chinese civilization began is Henan Province.
The Yellow River goes across 53. (center) Henan.It is China's main northtosouth and easttowest artery (干线)．China's most ancient tribal 54.
(lead) ，the Yellow Emperor and the Yan Emperor，were born here. Even today，Chinese people all over the world still 55. (proud) call themselves the descendants (后裔) of these two emperors.
The river holds 56. unshakable position in the heart of every Chinese, 57. (respect) by every generation and called “the Mother River”．With intelligence，hard work and determination，Chinese descendants pursue coexistence and common prosperity on this land. The
5，464kmlong Yellow River breaks the last barrier and flows into the broad plain, 58. (form) the cradle(摇篮) of Chinese civilization.
Till now，the Yellow River 59. (raise) 13 dynasties' capital Luoyang，8 dynasties' capital Kaifeng and the biggest economic center in 60. (it) area—Zhengzhou.
57．respected [考查非谓语动词。黄河受每代人的尊敬，被称为“母亲河”。分析句子结构可知，respect与The river之间为逻辑上的动宾关系，故用过去分词作后置定语。故填respected。]
58．forming [考查非谓语动词。5 464公里长的黄河冲破了最后的壁垒，流入广袤的平原之中，形成了中华文明的摇篮。分析句子结构可知，form与句子主语之间是逻辑上的主谓关系，故用现在分词作结果状语。]
59．has raised [考查动词的时态。黄河孕育了13朝古都洛阳，8朝古都开封以及其流域内最大的经济中心——郑州。由句中的时间状语可知，此处应用现在完成时强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响。]
60．its [考查代词。分析句子结构可知，空处在句中作定语，修饰area，故填its。] 文章来源
莲山 课件 w ww.5 Y